Dermatology is a branch of medicine that deals with the largest organ, the skin, as well as its diseases, aims to explain, diagnose non-communicable and contagious (infectious) skin diseases and care for patients with dermal diseases. It is a unitary specialty of medicine, which includes the study of both medicinal and surgical therapeutic aspects.

A dermatologist takes care of skin diseases, in the broadest sense, and some aesthetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.

Along with Venereology, dermatology also covers the field of venereal diseases (which are transmitted sexually). The very large number of skin diseases (over 2000) does not allow a quick diagnosis, so it is necessary for the patient to go to the dermatologist-venereologist several times to perform a varied and complete series of tests and analyzes. laboratory for the detection, diagnosis and correct treatment of dermato-venerological disease.

Diabetes, nutrition and metabolic diseases are the medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with metabolic disorders.

Metabolism is a complex physico-chemical process by which complex organic substances are degraded or synthesized with the release or consumption of energy. By metabolizing the nutritional principles – proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals and vitamins, essential compounds are formed for the body, with an energetic, structural and functional role. The term metabolism comes from the Greek: metabolism – change.

Diabetes mellitus is a condition characterized by an increase in blood sugar accompanied or not by increased insulin resistance with changes in metabolism: carbohydrate, lipid, protein. Diabetes can begin or progress with acute metabolic complications – diabetic coma or chronic complications: neurological – diabetic neuropathy, renal – diabetic nephropathy, ophthalmological – diabetic retinopathy, cardiovascular.

Nutrition studies the energy needs and nutritional principles involved in the normal development of the body, the relationship between food intake and energy consumption and the consequences of excess food or nutritional deficiencies.

Metabolic diseases are characterized by the excessive accumulation of certain chemical compounds with neurological, hepatic, cardiac, delayed somatic development. The best known genetic metabolic diseases are: phenylketonuria with phenylalanine accumulation and its metabolites, glycogenoses with glycogen accumulation in muscles and liver, lysosomal diseases due to deficiency of lysosomal enzymes with accumulation of undegraded substrate in the nervous system, liver, spleen, kidneys, myocardium, gout – accumulation of excess uric acid that is deposited in the joints and kidneys, hemochromatosis – excess iron in the liver, pancreas, skin, Wilson’s disease – copper deposition in the liver, nervous system, cornea – ring Kyser Fleicher.

Internal medicine is the branch and medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of diseases, especially those of internal organs. The specialty of internal medicine is addressed to adults.

At the same time, internal medicine must combine information from other medical and surgical specialties, from imaging / functional explorations and apply optimal treatment to the patient.

Internal medicine specialists (also called “internists”) have the competence to solve complex diagnostic problems and to monitor severe chronic diseases and polypathological conditions. Specialists in this discipline diagnose and treat adults with respiratory, cardiac, digestive, renal, osteoarticular diseases, etc.

The internist can initiate or continue treatment for various ailments. Internal medicine also provides patients with disease prevention and health promotion services, contributing to preventive medicine. At the same time, the internal medicine doctor discusses with the patients real and individual options of regime and way of life, for the amelioration of the symptoms of the disease and for the improvement of the quality of life.