- Obstetrics represents a branch of medical science that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.Obstetrics services provided at AIS Clinics & Hospital include diagnosis of pregnancy and clinical monitoring as well as investigating the causes of infertility and timely detection of chromosomal anomalies. In this direction, specific laboratory analyzes (hormonal and fertility determinations, antibacterial bacteriology and serology, virology and antiviral serology) and ultrasonographic ovulation and pregnancy investigations can be performed.Gynecology represents a branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and routine physical care of the reproductive system of women.AIS Clinics & Hospital provides a wide range of specific diagnostic investigations: laboratory analyzes, transvaginal and abdominal echography. Vaginal cytology and mammography are the basic examinations in cervical cancer screening and breast cancer, the most common cancers among females.
OB is short term for obstetrics or for an obstetrician, a physician who assist the process of birth. GYN is short for gynecology or for a gynecologist, a physician who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive organs. The word “gynecology” comes from the Greek gyno, gynaikos meaning woman + logia meaning study, so gynecology literally is the study of women. Nowadays gynecology is focused largely on disorders of the female reproductive organs. An obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) is therefore a physician who assists the process of birth and also treats diseases of the female reproductive organs.
The Department of Obstetrics – Gynecology within the AIS Medical Center provides the following specialized assessments:
- Clinical Examination: general on apparatuses (measurement of vital functions: blood pressure, pulse, O2 saturation);
- Gynecological examination:
- Determining the reason (s) for the consultation;
- Patient’s personal and family history;
- Description of the patient’s functional symptomatology
- Number of pregnancies, parity, number of abortions;
- Pathology of pregnancies, births, complications after abortions.
- the constitutional type;
- patient morphology (height and weight);
- the character of the skin (staining, stretch marks / scars);
- the degree of development and distribution of subcutaneous fat;
- type and degree of pilosity.
Mammary gland examination:
- breast disimetry in size and shape
- breast and breast contour abnormalities
- skin abnormalities (hyperemia, edema, retracing, the phenomenon called “orange peel”)
- areola abnormalities: areola or nipple erosions, umbilical nipple, etc.
- inflamed areas;
- painful areas;
- nipple secretions;
Special Gynecological Examination, external Genital Examination: obstetric sequelae: perineal ruptures, episiotomy, fistula.
Examination with gynecological speculum / valves – CERVIX
Examination with gynecological speculum / valves – VAGINA
Formulating a diagnostic plan and choosing the appropriate therapy for the condition.
- Complementary examinations in gynecology.
- Bacterioscopic examination;
- Babes-Papanicolau cytology test;
- Cervical biopsy;
- Endometrial biopsy;
- Tests for assessing the functional state of the ovaries;
- Basal temperature;
- Hormonal dosages;
- Endoscopic examinations: colposcopy, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy;
- Radiological methods: MRI, ultrasound, etc.
4.The basic principles of therapy will be:·
- Treating the primary illness, if it has been identified;·
- Careful observation of signs and symptoms, respectively their treatment;·
- Supportive treatment;·
- Using anti-inflammatory drugs when needed;·
- Antibiotic therapy when required.
5.Patients are referred to other medical specialties for health assessment.